Many scientific Python distributions, such as Anaconda [Anaconda], Enthought Canopy [Canopy], Python(x,y) [Pythonxy], and Sage [Sage], bundle Cython and no setup is needed. Note however that if your distribution ships a version of Cython which is too old you can still use the instructions below to update Cython. Everything in this tutorial should work with Cython 0.11.2 and newer, unless a footnote says otherwise.
Unlike most Python software, Cython requires a C compiler to be present on the system. The details of getting a C compiler varies according to the system used:
- Linux The GNU C Compiler (gcc) is usually present, or easily available through the package system. On Ubuntu or Debian, for instance, the command sudo apt-get install build-essential will fetch everything you need.
- Mac OS X To retrieve gcc, one option is to install Apple’s XCode, which can be retrieved from the Mac OS X’s install DVDs or from http://developer.apple.com.
- Windows A popular option is to use the open source MinGW (a Windows distribution of gcc). See the appendix for instructions for setting up MinGW manually. Enthought Canopy and Python(x,y) bundle MinGW, but some of the configuration steps in the appendix might still be necessary. Another option is to use Microsoft’s Visual C. One must then use the same version which the installed Python was compiled with.
The newest Cython release can always be downloaded from http://cython.org. Unpack the tarball or zip file, enter the directory, and then run:
python setup.py install
If you have pip set up on your system (e.g. in a virtualenv or a recent Python version), you should be able to fetch Cython from PyPI and install it using
pip install Cython
For one-time builds, e.g. for CI/testing, on platforms that are not covered by one of the wheel packages provided on PyPI, it is substantially faster than a full source build to install an uncompiled (slower) version of Cython with
pip install Cython --install-option="--no-cython-compile"